Paradigm Shift Amongst Tea Workers of Bangladesh

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Duncan Brothers have operated in Bangladesh for over 150 years and today employs over 19,000 workers who, with their families equate to around 90,000 dependants whose livelihoods hinge on tea.

"On this International Tea Day, the Duncan Brothers family, in addition to our commitment to the environment, communities and business, reiterates our commitment to the long-term stability and well-being of our key asset - our employees."

Imran Ahmed, MD Duncan Brothers

Duncan Brother’s as an industry leader, conceived the initiative of Primary Health Care (PHC) at Lungla Tea Estate in 1989. PHC has been extended over the years to all our Bangladesh estates, providing the communities with comprehensive health care. The PHC initiative is the only, and first of its kind in the private sectors of Bangladesh. PHC has bought about a paradigm shift amongst our garden populations, leading change towards more socially and economically productive lives. With focus on education, health care, hygiene and sanitation, we ensure quality of life; PHC covers our entire dependent population, biased towards preventative, promotive and curative care, the initiative has been extended past our tea gardens and is brought to the door steps of the community, and is continuously engaged in programmes on safe drinking water, mother and child care, education, immunisation, deworming, sanitation, family planning eye camps and preventive measures including awareness of HIV/ AIDS, TB, Malaria and Leprosy.


Besides PHC, garden hospitals provide medical treatment at secondary level to all our garden workers and their families, provided by medical teams in association with PHC Line Health Workers (LHW). Camellia Duncan Foundation Hosiptal (CDFH), a 50 bed state of the art facility at the tertiary level, is a landmark referral hospital in the whole of the tea belt. We work hard to provide our workers and their dependents with excellent medical care and services, this level of care in our communities has earned us the reputation both home and abroad, for our dedicated services and cleanliness.

Camellia Duncan Foundation Hospital Bangladesh hospital

The Group reached a new height in 2004 with the establishment of the Camellia Duncan Foundation School (CDFS), a secondary boarding school for the garden workers children. Education is crucial for improving the future generations of tea workers, selected students receive education in a conducive environment with facilities of games, sports and other co-curricular activities.

Receiving Rain Forest Alliance (RFA) certification for all our gardens ensures the requisites for pragmatic steps on climate change, water and waste management and community development including women’s empowerment.


At Duncan Brothers, we have brought the workers under the welfare umbrella, enhancing their health, income, working conditions and ensuring fair-play to improve industrial relations with environmentally friendly technologies, fair business practices, responsive and trustworthy dealings for pursuing our, and the communities sustained growth aspirations.


Our 2021 Annual Report is now available.